Training in Erbil and Duhok

Between 30 of October and 7 November 2018 trainers of the Hijman Degen Foundation/Art Therapy International provided an introductory and an advanced training in Erbil and Duhok, Kurdish Iraq for SEED foundation and EMMA organization.


The trainings where attended by 34 trainees in total and where highly appreciated. Almost all of the trainees are working with survivors of war. Future training for the SEED Foundation is in preparation.104 103 102

Art Therapy International training

001Partly thanks to your financial support, we are able to report on the first training Art Therapy & Trauma that took place from 27 through 31 May 2018 in Duhok, Iraqi Kurdistan.

The training has been given in close cooperation with the Emma Organization( There were 15 participations that were all unfamiliar with Art Therapy. All participants work with victims of war, both in and outside refugee camps.

The background of the participants:
Social workers
Psychosocial workers

This training is an introduction to Art Therapy. All participants started to work with visual materials and learned by doing how they could apply Art Therapy in delivering aid.

The participants are curious about the materials: crayons, felt-tip pens, clay and oil pastels. Some know exactly what they want to use, others are still looking for the right colour. One of the assignments is to draw an as ‘ugly’ picture as possible. With lots of movement and intensity images with dark colours emerge. Despite it’s first day of the training some participants are already drawing very personal images: of places and people that are no longer there, of abuse, violence, camps and tanks. One of the men briefly explains about his work (a tank): “I’m only 26 years old, but I have already lived through four wars”. 002a
When asked to draw a picture as ‘beautiful’ as possible, colourful images with lots of nature – mountains, flourishing trees, water and rain – emerge. Also families are drawn colourfully. 002b
The participants are eager to learn and want to gain as much experience as possible. They use their very best efforts, both in individual assignments as well as in group assignments. They like to use all materials, but for many of them the favourite material is clay, as they have never worked with it before. Many participants have hardly been educated in creative subjects. Soon they come up with assignments they can apply in their own day-to-day work.

Gradually, there is room for coping with the war violence the participants themselves have had to endure. This way, “taking care of the caretakers” became an important part of the training. All participants have a difficult task in their day-to-day work and in their everyday life as there is still little safety and trust.

The last assignment of the training is: “make the cover of your own book – it is written by you and it is about you. Draw a front page with a title and write something about the content of the book and the author (you) on the back”. In silence, the participants work very concentrated. Each one of them shows their cover and explains to a greater or smaller extent about their work: about dreams that do not come true, about plans for the future that have to be changed, about wanting to leave Iraq. And about hope, that lessons are learned from the past, about willing to portray their own history.

foto_irak_2018004 A very positive evaluation and the award of a certificate conclude the training. All participations hope for a second training.

005One of the participants’ experiences:

This training was also therapy for ourselves. To cope, to reduce stress and to recharge. And to learn how to apply new means to communicate with our clients. Experiences and emotions can also be shared without words”.

If possible (dependent on the political situation), a second training will take place in October / November 2018. Seminars will then also be held at the universities of Duhok and Erbil.

This training was financed partly by the IONA FOUNDATION.

Also on behalf of the participants and the organizations they work for we would like to thank you again for your financial support.

The directors and trainers of Art Therapy International / The Hijman Degen Foundation

Willem van den Broek Marielle Bous Marleen Muthert Elja Schwartz Fiety Meijer Marlies Mannesse Esther van Pijkeren

Followup art therapy and trauma treatment

Followup art therapy and trauma treatment trainings for the caretakers of the Emma Organization in Erbil and Duhok, Iraqi Kurdistan from 10 till 17 March 2017

Trainers of the Hijman Degen Foundation (Marlies Mannesse, Fiety Meijer, Esther van Pijkeren) will provide a follow-up training and a new introduction training. A total of 42 participants will benefit from the trainings in their daily work with survivors of war.

Art therapy & trauma treatment

The ART THERAPY & TRAUMA TREATMENT of 3 – 7 December 2016
for EMMA ORGANIZATION (Erbil, Kurdistan) in cooperation with the Hijman Degen Foundation was very successful. The training was attended by 22 participants, working as psychotherapists, teachers and lecturers, social-workers, counselors. We as trainers are satisfied that most trainees experienced the training as excellent in their evaluations. Art therapy seems to be a valuable supplement for all participants.

A more advanced training in Art Therapy will start in March 2017.

No pills, but art therapy for trauma victims

By Judit Neurink 12/12/2016

ERBIL, Kurdistan Region – With a shortage of therapists in the country, many of the thousands of traumatized victims of war and violence in Iraq are treated with pills that often do not offer a solution for their trauma.

The most well-known cases of trauma are among the many Yezidi victims of ISIS. But as the militant group gets pushed back further, more victims are emerging in towns and villages around Mosul, and from the city itself.

As the number of people needing therapy is rising, it is increasingly important to find ways to educate more therapists. A training of trainers in art therapy program was, therefore, set up in the Kurdistan Region capital Erbil.

“The training teaches trainers to use skills that will be an alternative to the medicine,” said Bahar Ali of the local Emma Foundation, who organized the training. “Art is an easy tool. We can use it in schools and shelters, anywhere in the society.”

She pointed out that “especially now after ISIS, it is a good time to start with this therapy, as we do not have the experts.”

The future trainers are from different backgrounds, some from the health sector but also some are arts teachers.

“With the Yezidi girls who came to us, we tried to make them forget what happened to them by offering handicrafts and painting,” Ali explained. “Now we know how to use it, where and when.”

Art therapy is especially useful in Iraq, as it makes it possible for people to express themselves without having to talk, said Fiety Meijer, one of the Dutch trainers who conducted the training with funding from the Netherlands.

“People who have problems speaking out, who have been through something that is too bad for words, who feel ashamed, we help to express themselves so eventually they can talk about it,” Meijer said, pointing to the culture in Iraq that makes it taboo to talk about psychological problems.

One of the problems for people who have suffered, is that the trauma fractures their life line, she pointed out. “They talk about before it happened, and after. You try to make the line complete again by making them talk about it.”

“By looking at the past, people start thinking about their future again,” added her colleague Marlies Mannesse.

For many trauma patients, that is impossible.

She stressed the importance for society to heal the wounds. “These are the people who have to rebuild their society. If the whole society has been damaged, like here, how can they?”

On the last day of the training, the 21 participants were given two pieces of white paper and colored felt tips, and asked to draw both their best and their worst memories.

After finishing, they all shared their paintings, with titles like “Close to hell/The farm”, “Having no family/Children”, “Internal separation/Being mother”, “First meeting/Car accident”.

Meijer explained that the training started with exercises to show the trainees that they can all draw, even if they are not talented in art, and that the exercise on the final day was only possible because of the trust that has grown between them.

Although this was a training course, it works a lot like therapy would, she said, “but we do not enter into the issues that we see.”

After doing individual drawings, the class was then split into three groups and told to work together on a big drawing. Meyer told them they were on a boat that capsized and they ended up on an island. They must organize things on that island as well as possible to survive until they are rescued.

When the exercise is done, the three sheets of paper show islands with fires to ward off wild animals, scarves as flags to draw attention, kitchens, toilets, and a place where everybody feels safe. One of the participants even jokes that his group “wants to stay on this island. It’s so nice here.”

When asked what they learned, many mention working together, exchanging ideas, coping with a bad situation. “Sharing feelings with others is better than to keep them to yourself,” someone said.

One of the participants, Hawara Nawzad Karim, 27, vowed to use what she learned. “I want to give my students and colleagues at the university the opportunity to learn about it.”

She is an assistant lecturer at Koya University and works voluntarily as a psychotherapist at the hospital there. She works with adults, but now she knows how to work with children too, she said, as the training is used for them as well.

“As a therapist, sometimes we cannot ask directly: what is your problem, how do you feel? But with this therapy, we can open the door to make people talk about themselves. Sometimes they do not know how they feel, and from the drawings they can and start thinking about it.”

Art therapy training for caretakers of the women of the Yazidi community

From 3 till 8 December 2016 two trainers of the Hijman Degen Foundation (Marlies Mannesse en Fiety Meijer) will provide 5 days of art therapy training for the caretakers of the EMMA ORGANIZATION in Erbil, Iraqi Kurdistan. The 1th follow-up training is planned the end of January 2017.


In August 2014 militants of the Islamic State (IS) attacked the habitat of the Iraqi Yazidi minority. This attack caused many Yazidis to flee from their homes. Images of thousands of Yazidis, including children, women and elderly, who had sought refuge on Mount Sinjar shocked the world.

During the attack thousands of Yazidis were killed and thousands of girls and women kidnapped. The girls and young women were separated from older women. Younger women were often traded as slaves, given away as a gift or reward and in most cases systematically sexually abused. Mass graves are silent witnesses of the brutal faith of elderly women. Those who have managed to escape or have been freed are often severely traumatized. To make things worse, there is a big taboo on sexually abused women in the Yazidi community, and their return in this community is hampered due to lack of acceptance and exclusion.

The need for Art Therapy

For most people it is hard to talk about traumatic experiences. Through art therapy the girls and women learn to express their feelings in a different way and learn to cope with their experiences. Hijman Degen Foundation and her local partner EMMA ORGANIZATION want to ensure that this therapy becomes available for the benefit of the Yazidi women in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Please support this training, financially or in art materials.

We ask for your support

We ask for your financial support to help Yezidi woman and children terrorized by IS.

We will start training in Iraqi Kurdistan for the psychosocial helpers of Yezidi women and children who are affected by the violence of IS.

This Art Therapy training will be given to the psychosocial staff of the Emma Foundation in Erbil (Iraqi Kurdistan). This training will help the staff members of The Emma Foundation to assist the affected Yezidis.

With sufficient funds, there will also be training for the Emma Foundation in Duhok (Iraqi Kurdistan).

Support us to make this much needed training possible and help Yazidi women and children to find a new balance in their live.

Donation in art materials are also welcome.

Ripple effect

A training course for qualified art psychotherapists will be starting in the Netherlands in the second half of 2014. After completion, the participants will be ready for deployment by the Hijman Degen Foundation in conflict or disaster areas to train local aid workers in the use of art therapy techniques. The resulting ripple effect will be enormous! After all, each locally trained aid worker will be able to share these techniques with others. This way, large numbers of people with psychotrauma can be reached and treated.